Software and Hardware Examples

Every time you connect to a social network, make a call on your cell phone, or watch a movie on your computer, you come into contact with different software and hardware examples.

Technological devices, including computers and smartphones, consist of hardware and software components. In this article, we will explore definitions of software and provide essential hardware examples you need to understand.

In computing, software and hardware examples refer to different aspects of any computer system: the physical and digital aspects; the body and soul of any computer, respectively.

It’s safe to say that hardware is completely inert until “moved” by software. There’s a lot you need to know and learn about software and hardware examples.

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What Is Hardware?

Hardware is the set of physical parts that make up most of a computer system.

Just as a computer is divided into two parts, so is the hardware that composes it, you can find:

✓ Basic hardware: It brings together all the basic components of the computer’s operation, such as motherboard, monitor, keyboard, and mouse, where the main components of this group are motherboard, RAM, ROM, and CPU.




✓ Hardware support: On the other hand, peripherals are all the non-essential components for the operation of the computer, such as printers, cameras, flash drives, etc.

Hardware Composition

There are four main parts of hardware: input, memory, processor, and output.

  • Input: This is the piece of hardware that inputs data. For example, keyboards, scanners, barcode readers.
  • Memory: stores information, programs, and data. Mainly known as Random Access Memory (RAM).
  • Processor: It can be defined as the electronic brain of the computer. Processors analyze, test, modify, and execute computer software instructions.
  • Output: It is a device that displays results. For example, we can see an image on the screen, hear a sound through a speaker, and print a certain text on paper using a printer.

In reality, hardware can be categorized and organized based on its role in the overall system process:

Processing Hardware: This forms the core of the system, performing calculations and executing the necessary operations for its functioning.

Storage Hardware: This is responsible for housing information and data related to the system. It can be further classified as primary (internal) or secondary (removable).

Peripheral Hardware: This encompasses a collection of add-ons to introduce new functionality.

Input Hardware: This enables users or operators to input data into the system, as well as import data from telecommunication networks and systems.

Output Hardware: This facilitates the extraction of information from the system or its transmission to telecommunication networks.

Mixed hardware. It performs both input and output functions.

What Is Software ?

Software is the code that defines the set of instructions that the computer executes. This includes programs and operating systems that cannot be touched. The word “software” has become synonymous with computer instructions throughout the world.

The Software is the intangible content of a system: a collection of programs, instructions, and languages that perform a task and act as an interface to the user. Software, for its part, can be classified according to its main function:

  • Base system or software, like the operating system, plays a crucial role in governing system operations and ensuring its upkeep. Typically, these components become part of the system before users gain access. Examples include Windows 10, Linux, and Ubuntu.
  • Application software, on the other hand, encompasses all additional programs that users can install on their computer after the operating system’s installation. These applications enable a wide range of tasks, from word processing and web browsing to design work and gaming. Notable examples include Chrome, Paint, and Skype.

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Software And Hardware Examples: Types of Software

When we go through software and hardware examples, and we focus on the software, we see that according to the functionality, several types of software exist.

  • BIOS: The Basic Input/Output System, or BIOS, is the computer’s startup software.
  • Operating System: The operating system controls the physical part after boot. Examples of operating systems include Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux for PCs, and iOS and Android for tablets and smartphones.
  • Applications: An application is software designed to perform a specific task. For example, Photoshop is an image processing program, and Google Chrome is an Internet browsing program. When you install a program or application on your computer, the available features increase. For example, working with a computer does not require a word processor, but allows you to create documents.
  • Communication software: This software controls the communication process between computers. Examples: email, Skype.
  • Embedded software: It is the operating code of electronic devices. Examples: TV software, microwave equipment, video games.

Software And Hardware Examples: Hardware Examples

Within all of the software and hardware examples given in this article, when we talk about hardware, we refer to a mechanical, electrical or electronic set of tangible parts that make up the body of the computer; that is, boards, integrated circuits, mechanisms, electrical equipment, support, and connections.




  • It displays information and procedures to the user. These are generally considered output hardware, although there are touch screens that also allow input (mixing) of data.
  • Keyboard and mouse. Classic user input or data collection mechanisms, the first mainly with buttons (keys), the second mainly with movement.
  • Video cameras. Also known as web cameras because they became popular with the advent of the Internet and video conferencing, they are a typical input mechanism for image and sound.
  • The CPU (Central Processing Unit) core is a chip capable of performing thousands of calculations per second, providing the central information processing power for computer systems.
  • RAM memory module. A circuit that integrates various modules of random access memory (RAM that will perform various system processes) into the system.
  • A very common peripheral device that transcribes the digital information (output) processed by the system on paper.
  • Excellent storage hardware; it contains essential information for any computer system and also allows you to archive user input. It is not removable and is located inside the CPU.
  • Video card. Specialized in visual information processing; they allow more and better information to be displayed on the screen, and the new models are often required to run design software, and even movie games.

Software And Hardware Examples: Software Examples

If we look at software and hardware examples, when we talk about software, we mean the virtual content of a system: the programs, applications, instructions, and communication protocols that interact with the user and control the behavior of the system and give it meaning. It is the “mind” of the system.

  • Microsoft Windows Probably the most popular operating system in the world, used by thousands of IBM computers, it allows you to control and interact with different parts of your computer based on windows that overlay information in a user-friendly environment.
  • Mozilla Firefox. One of the most popular Internet browsers for free. It allows users to interact with the World Wide Web as well as perform data searches and other types of virtual interactions.
  • Adobe Photoshop. Image editing applications from Adobe Inc. to create visual design content and various tasks such as photo retouching and aesthetic compositing.
  • A very popular telecommunication software that allows you to make free video calls and even video conferences over the Internet. Even if you don’t have a camera or don’t want to use one, it can be like a phone where you use data instead of phone calls.
  • DC cleaner. Digital tools for cleaning and maintaining the computer’s operating system, capable of detecting and eliminating harmful software (viruses, malware), and adapting to registry errors or other consequences of using the system itself.
  • Average antivirus. It acts as a digital antibody and a protective shield.
  • Memo pad. You can record and manage personal notes like a pocket notebook.

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You can learn more about different types of software, as well as get information on quality of hardware on our site MecanicaDiesel.

 

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    By leo